This slow-growing, short plant with fleshy roots can be classified three ways, depending on how long it is grown: fresh, white or red. Fresh ginseng is harvested before 4 years, while white ginseng is harvested between 4—6 years and red ginseng is harvested after 6 or more years. There are many types of this herb, but the most popular are American ginseng Panax quinquefolius and Asian ginseng Panax ginseng. American and Asian ginseng vary in their concentration of active compounds and effects on the body. It is believed that American ginseng works as a relaxing agent, whereas the Asian variety has an invigorating effect 1 , 2. Ginseng contains two significant compounds: ginsenosides and gintonin.
7 Proven Health Benefits of Ginseng
Side Effects of Ginseng
Korean ginseng Panax ginseng is in the family Araliaceae, and it's an herbal supplement that comes from the root of the plant. It is known as the only true source of ginseng. Other names synonymous with Korean ginseng include Panax ginseng, mountain ginseng, wild ginseng, true ginseng, and Asian ginseng. Each of the two forms of Korean ginseng white and red varies in composition as well as in the health benefits offered.
Side Effects of Ginseng Supplements
One of the most commonly used and researched of the ginsengs is Panax ginseng, also called Asian or Korean ginseng. The main active components of Panax ginseng are ginsenosides, which have been shown to have a variety of beneficial effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer effects. Results of clinical research studies demonstrate that Panax ginseng may improve psychologic function, immune function, and conditions associated with diabetes. Overall, Panax ginseng appears to be well tolerated, although caution is advised about concomitant use with some pharmaceuticals, such as warfarin, oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin, and phenelzine.